Notes from stylesheet-debug.js

Below are the notes from the newly released YUI version 2.7.0 stylesheet.js
and the notes from its source probably explains why web development is too tricky to deal with.
Adapted from  tylesheet-debug.js…..
Copyright (c) 2009, Yahoo! Inc. All rights reserved.
Code licensed under the BSD License:
version: 2.7.0


* Style node must be added to the head element.  Safari does not honor styles
applied to StyleSheet objects on style nodes in the body.
* StyleSheet object is created on the style node when the style node is added

to the head element in Firefox 2 (and maybe 3?)
* The cssRules collection is replaced after insertRule/deleteRule calls in
Safari 3.1.  Existing Rules are used in the new collection, so the collection
cannot be cached, but the rules can be.

* Opera requires that the index be passed with insertRule.
* Same-domain restrictions prevent modifying StyleSheet objects attached to
link elements with remote href (or “about:blank” or “javascript:false”)

* Same-domain restrictions prevent reading StyleSheet cssRules/rules
collection of link elements with remote href (or “about:blank” or
* Same-domain restrictions result in Safari not populating node.sheet property

for link elements with remote href (
* IE names StyleSheet related properties and methods differently (see code)
* IE converts tag names to upper case in the Rule’s selectorText

* IE converts empty string assignment to complex properties to value settings
for all child properties.  E.g. style.background = ‘’ sets non-'’ values on
style.backgroundPosition, style.backgroundColor, etc.  All else clear

style.background and all child properties.
* IE assignment style.filter = ‘’ will result in style.cssText == ‘FILTER:’
* All browsers support as a read/write property, leaving

only opacity needing to be accounted for.
* Benchmarks of = value vs style.cssText += ‘property: value’
indicate cssText is slightly slower for single property assignment.  For
multiple property assignment, cssText speed stays relatively the same where speed decreases linearly by the number of properties set.
Exception being Opera 9.27, where is always faster than
* Opera 9.5b throws a syntax error when assigning cssText with a syntax error.

* Opera 9.5 doesn’t honor = ‘’.  Previous style persists.
You have to remove the rule altogether.
* Stylesheet properties set with !important will trump inline style set on an

element or in
* Creating a worker style collection like document.createElement(’p').style;
will fail after a time in FF (~5secs of inactivity).  Property assignments
will not alter the property or cssText.  It may be the generated node is

garbage collected and the style collection becomes inert (speculation).
* IE locks up when attempting to add a rule with a selector including at least
characters {[]}~`!@%^&*()+=|? (unescaped) and leading _ or -

such as addRule(’-foo’,'{ color: red }’) or addRule(’._abc’,'{…}’)
* IE’s addRule doesn’t support comma separated selectors such as
addRule(’.foo, .bar’,'{..}’)

* IE throws an error on valid values with leading/trailing white space.
* When creating an entire sheet at once, only FF2/3 & Opera allow creating a
style node, setting its innerHTML and appending to head.

* When creating an entire sheet at once, Safari requires the style node to be
created with content in innerHTML of another element.
* When creating an entire sheet at once, IE requires the style node content to

be set via node.styleSheet.cssText
* When creating an entire sheet at once in IE, styleSheet.cssText can’t be
written until node.type = ‘text/css’; is performed.
* When creating an entire sheet at once in IE, load-time fork on

var styleNode = d.createElement(’style’); _method = styleNode.styleSheet ?..
fails (falsey).  During run-time, the test for .styleSheet works fine
* Setting complex properties in cssText will SOMETIMES allow child properties

to be unset
set         unset              FF2  FF3  S3.1  IE6  IE7  Op9.27  Op9.5
———-  —————–  —  —  —-  —  —  ——  —–
border      -top               NO   NO   YES   YES  YES  YES     YES

-top-color         NO   NO   YES             YES     YES
-color             NO   NO   NO              NO      NO
background  -color             NO   NO   YES             YES     YES

-position          NO   NO   YES             YES     YES
-position-x        NO   NO   NO              NO      NO
font        line-height        YES  YES  NO    NO   NO   NO      YES

-style             YES  YES  NO              YES     YES
-size              YES  YES  NO              YES     YES
-size-adjust       ???  ???  n/a   n/a  n/a  ???     ???

padding     -top               NO   NO   YES             YES     YES
margin      -top               NO   NO   YES             YES     YES
list-style  -type              YES  YES  YES             YES     YES

-position          YES  YES  YES             YES     YES
overflow    -x                 NO   NO   YES             n/a     YES

??? - unsetting font-size-adjust has the same effect as unsetting font-size

* FireFox and WebKit populate rule.cssText as “SELECTOR { CSSTEXT }”, but
Opera and IE do not.
* IE6 and IE7 silently ignore the { and } if passed into addRule(’.foo’,'{
color:#000}’,0).  IE8 does not and creates an empty rule.

* IE6-8 addRule(’.foo’,'’,n) throws an error.  Must supply *some* cssText


Comments (2)


Be careful with getComputedStyle

Sometimes you really need to check whether an element is in the document already before calling some DOM methods.


Comments (0)


Browser Detection, Detecting IE7 via Object Detection

It’s better than checking window.XmlHttpRequest :-D
( and I thought I should have finished this article in two lines instead of explaining it)

IE only
Browser Detection

Comments (2)


oncontentready : An alternative to simulate oncontentready on Internet Explorer

Detecting Element.outerHTML  periodically to see if an Element is fully parsed and avoid Operation Abort Error.

IE only

Comments (7)


IEContentLoaded:An alternative for DOMContentLoaded on Internet Explorer

A little step forward.

IE only
Dom Event

Comments (3)


Find & replace URL with HTML links



Comments (2)


get the XHTML of an Element

Feel safer to get XHTML instead of innerHTML from an Element


Comments (2)


get fontSize in pixel 

An easy example to show how get font-size in pixel for fonts with Font Sizes like “large”, “1.2em”, “70%”.


CSS Hack

Comments (1)


RGBA Background Generator

Really handy to me :-)

Dynamic Graphic
CSS Hack

Comments (1)


Implement RGBA colors for moderweb browsers

Do you know  Alpha Components?

Dynamic Graphic
CSS Hack

Comments (0)